Noting that each country has its own NDC target to meet, action should be taken to reduce current GHG emission. In the process of GHG reduction, transparency is vital in terms of how far each country has reached its emission reduction. The exact number of GHG reduction can be a way to monitor and evaluate the performance of each country in certain of time period.
One such tool is the Clean Energy Economy for The Region (CLEER). With the aim to improve transparency of a country in term of GHG reduction, this quantitative tool is useful to track energy use and energy spending on monthly and yearly basis.
This session also discussed tools used in helping implement cities’ actions towards GHG reduction. These include the LEDS Energy Toolkit 2.0 which is a reference guide for LEDS that contains 26 tools, the RE DATA explorer tool—a geospatial analytical tool for decision making. The RE DATA is dynamic in terms of reflecting the development of the technology and can support in planning and policy and for the developers in the private sector and (3) financial assessment tool.
For the example of the energy efficient implementation, the city of Melaka and Jakarta have implemented energy efficient street lighting. This energy efficient street lighting can reduce operation costs and produce better quality of light. More importantly, with these lights, cities are safer and more liveable, less pollution and GHG emissions, and more efficient.
Mr. Alexander Ochs from LEDS GP EWG shed some light on the energy toolkit and several leading tools for NDC and energy-sector planning.
“This session showed again the high demand for our toolkit. Its simplicity and accessibility as a first reference guide for those seeking help for how to gather proper information and data as a basis for smart energy planning. Introducing individual tools and training to practitioners on how to use them is essential for building successful energy LEDS”, he said.
Further, the transport sector can contribute as a major number of GHG emissions like in Viet Nam. The transport sector has always been a priority for government but integration in transport system remains the main issue. Transport cannot stand as a single element to realise sustainability. It is evident that urban planning and climate change adaptation have to be integrated into transport planning as explained by Dr. Nguyen Tuong Van, Ministry of Construction of Vietnam. Urban planning relates highly to land use system in which the land use system forms the way cities circulate their goods and human. The mixed land use can support to reduce traffic volume on the road where or destination can be reached out in walking distance.