This report provides comprehensive, step-by-step guidance for policymakers and practitioners to design mandatory GHG reporting programs. Over the past decade, GHG reporting programs have emerged at the regional, national, and subnational levels to provide information on emission sources and trends. This report draws on the experience of 13 existing and proposed programs to highlight the major design elements of a reporting program and discuss various factors influencing decisions under each element. An attempt has been made to identify design options and provide practical recommendations while recognizing that reporting programs are context specific. Although the emphasis is on the design of a mandatory reporting program, many aspects of the report are relevant for developing voluntary programs.
This guidebook aims to empower decision-makers to undertake legal reforms to transition rapidly to low-emission and climate-resilient development pathways by providing a generic process and an accessible toolkit of various options adaptable to country-specific contexts. It also provides case studies that ground the material in current reality and illustrate possible approaches.