For REDD+ to be successful and part of a coordinated global response to climate change, it must address the drivers of deforestation and degradation and therefore must be addressed in the context of rural development. On the ground, REDD+ must function within complex local contexts juggling rural development needs; livelihoods; services; agricultural practices; local cultural and political circumstances; commodity markets and trade. A new model for Low Emissions Rural Development (LED-R) at regional/jurisdictional scales aims to address these complex problems in a way that achieve or maintain climate stability (both at global and local levels), to increase the capacity of local actors and institutions to adapt to climate change, to increase the sustainability of and ensure equitable access to natural resources, while simultaneously increasing agricultural (and other economic) productivity, job creation and incomes. In the context of the UNFCCC, and irrespective of the evolving ADP negotiations, Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) could play an important role in supporting REDD+ and LED-R. This brief working paper highlights some aspects of an emerging LED-R model and the potential for REDD+, LED-R and NAMAs to work in concert.