Climate Change and Development Context
With a population of approximately 100 million people, the Philippines is a lower middle income country but has experienced strong economic performance in recent years; the economy grew by approximateily 7% in 2012, one of the highest in Asia. The Philippine Development Plan for 2011-2016 defines its main strategies as ensuring a stable macro-economic environment while mitigating potential impacts on the environment.Food and energy security issues are high among government concerns.
An archipelago consisting of more than 7,100 islands with many low-lying areas, the Philippines is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change impacts. According to IPCC AR4, the impacts of climate change in the Philippines are increased temperature, landslides and floods, and tropical cyclones and decreased rice yield. The government’s top priorities are climate adaptation, developing climate resilience, and disaster risk reduction and management.
Key National Institutions, Policies and Initiatives
The Climate Change Commission (CCC) is the main policy-making body tasked to coordinate, monitor, and evaluate climate change programs and action plans for the country. The CCC is chaired by the President of the Republic and its advisory board is composed of 23 government agencies; local government units (LGUs); and representatives from academia, business sector, and NGOs. The CCC is also the lead policy making body on climate change. It formulated the National Framework Strategy on Climate Change (NFSCC) and the National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) that were issued in 2010 and 2011, respectively. The NFSCC serves as a basis for programs for climate change planning, research, and development, and monitoring of activities. The NCCAP, on the other hand, outlines the country’s agenda for climate change adaptation and mitigation from 2011–2028.
At present, the CCC priorities at the national level are as follows: assess the NCCAP implementation, develop a Monitoring and Evaluation tool and continue coordinating with government agencies on NCCAP. At the local level, NCCAP is focused on building stable and resilient eco-towns. Among the major components of its eco-town are natural resource assessment, vulnerability assessment, application of adaptation and mitigation measures, and development of local climate change action plans.
World Bank: http://data.worldbank.org/country/philippines
Philippines National Economic and Development Authority: http://www.neda.gov.ph/PDP/rm/pdprm2011-2016.pdf
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