Climate Change and Development Context
Japan is active supporting GHG mitigation actions domestically and internationally. Japan’s vision and actions toward low-carbon growth and a climate resilient world include three key areas of focus: cooperation with developed countries on efforts for technological innovation towards further emissions reduction; technology transfer for dissemination and promotion of technologies; and special consideration for vulnerable countries.
Local climate change policy making in Japan started in the middle of the 1990s. The national government’s Global Warming Law and the Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan both include expectations that the 47 prefectural and 1,800 municipal governments will formulate and implement programs to address greenhouse gas emissions. Most local governments deal with disseminating information and educating citizens about climate change and energy efficiency.
Key National Institutions, policies and Initiatives
The Japanese government has developed the joint credit mechanism (JCM) to mitigate climate change and help developing countries achieve low-carbon growth by mobilizing technology market and finance. The JCM aims to facilitate diffusion of leading low carbon technologies products, systems, services, and infrastructure, it also aims to evaluate reduction in greenhouse gas emission levels to achieve Japan’s emissions reduction target.
Japan also has Asia Pacific Seminar on Climate change which co-hosted by the MOE and the department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, Australia to exchange views and experiences on climate change issues. Japan organized Sixth Pacific Islands Leaders Meeting on 26th May 2012 and provide up to 500 million US dollars to advance cooperation in five areas including environmental and climate change.
The Japanese government launched Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) in October 2011 focusing on facilitating Asian region to initiate low carbon growth by promoting research to support policy development and enable cooperation between scientists and policy makers. The program also aims to increase research capacity in the Asia Pacific region through knowledge sharing and information exchange. Japan also held East Asia Low carbon growth partnership dialogue to reaffirm the importance of low carbon growth, climate change impact, and promotes climate change negotiations andpractical efforts toward low carbon growth worldwide.
The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) promotes monitoring climate change. The JMA has issued the “Climate Change Monitoring Report” every year informing the latest status of climate change in Japan and the world, greenhouse gases and the ozone layer.
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