CO2 EMISSIONS: 5.1 metric tons per capita (2010)
Climate Change and Development Context
The Republic of Azerbaijan ratified the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1995. In order to facilitate the implementation of the Convention, a State Commission on Climate Change was established in 1997 by a resolution of the President. The Commission was composed of representatives of all related institutions and ministries. In 2000 the Kyoto Protocol was ratified. The Initial National Communication to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change was developed between 1998 and 2000 with funding from the Global Environmental Facility and the UN Development Programme. Under UNFCCC, Azerbaijan has committed to prepare and submit national reports (National Communications and BUR), to develop, implement and publish national and regional programmes which would include mitigation measures, as well promote public awareness on climate change and its consequences. The Initial National Communication covered the period of 1990 to 1994.
Key National Institutions, Policies and Initiatives
Azerbaijan has already identified development priorities as part of national development strategies, poverty reduction strategies and sector policies. Mitigation strategies are reflected in long-term State. Programmes such State Programme on Utilization of Renewable and Alternative Sources of Energy (2008–2015); State Programme for the Development of Fuel Energy Complex (2005–2015); Azerbaijan-2020: “vision to future” Development Conception and Low-carbon end-use sectors in Azerbaijan (2014 – 2019), funded by Global Environment Facility (GEF). The specific objective of the project is to support state oil company of the Azerbaijan republic (SOCAR) in the development and implementation of selected programmatic NAMAs in the low-carbon end-use sectors, where pilot investments will be directed into low energy and low carbon technologies that are so far missing on a large scale on the Azeri market.
Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources Republic of Azerbaijan (2010) “Second National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change” http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/azenc2.pdf
NAMA Database: Low-carbon end-use sectors in Azerbaijan: http://www.nama-database.org/index.php/Low-carbon_end-use_sectors_in_Azerbaijan
UNFCCC in Azerbaijan Baku (2013) “Clima East: Support to Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Russia and ENP East countries” http://1067656943.n159491.test.prositehosting.co.uk/wp-content-sec/uploads/2013/09/Climate-policy-priorities-in-Azerbaijan.pdf
World Bank: http://data.worldbank.org/country/azerbaijan